Historian Link

Limnos island was well known for its excellent wines from antiquity.

Homer mentions in Iliad that during the Trojan war, the Achaeans were exchanging valuable commodities with the famous wine of Limnos.

In many sources and ancient texts, Limnos is referred as a place of production of quality wines. Later on both during the Roman and the Byzantine period there are facts from the monks who worked in the monastery depedency of Limnos that one of their main activities was cultivation of wines of the island and the production of wine.

In modern times we have a large number of references from various historians, travelers, etc. who used to visit Limnos and wrote that the greatest products which produced in the island was grape, must and wine. Of course the references until that time were made for the red variety Limnia or Limnio (Corn in the local dielact) which was almost the exclusive variety of the island.

Later on, around the early twentieth century, το Moschato Alexandrias comes to Limnos from Egyptians who used to live in Limnos and it begins to be cultivated in a small scale.
The Asia Minor refuges began to cultivate το Moschato Alexandrias systematically in the land which was allotted to them, because of the commercial interest which existed for the sweet wines and as a result the cultivation of Moschato was replaced gradually Limnios. Specifically it is mentioned that in a research which happened in 1947 was found that there are 7000 m2 of Liminios variety and 5000 m2 of Moschato Alexandrias were cultivated, while in our days it is cultivated 7000 m2 Moschato and about 400 m2 Limniou. For historical reasons it can be mentioned that toward the late 1920’s, an organized vineyard and a modern wine factory was established in Varos of Limnos by the business man Zavalakis ( with French technical assistance ) which became famous for the production of excellent wines even the sparkling and distillate wines too.

In the mid 1930’s the first viniculture and wine making co-operation is established which collects the islands grapes for producer’s own use. In 1958 the first owned partners wine factory is built and from this time continuous production of wine starts.
Until the mid 1990’s EAS Limnou remains the unique wine maker who collects the grapes of the island and makes wine for producer’s account. Later on the first private wine factories are created which start to activate on the island together with EAS Limnou.

CULTURAL. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SECTOR
In our days there are nine organized and licensed wine factories in Limnos which play key role in economy of the island together with EAS Limnou and engaged commercially both in the internal and external market. The product is known in consumers conscience as a product of high and stable quality.
In addition its worth to be mentioned the important role of the viniculture and its products except wine, in daily routine of Limnos citizens even in our days. Grape juice syrup, raisins and rake from Moschato Alexandrias are produced for both private consumption and production and trding level for organized small industries. Thus, the products of vineyard are directly associated with the citizens food.

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GEOGRAPHICAL EVNVIRONMENT AND GEOGRAPHICAL ORIGIN
The mid monthly sunlight is in high level in Limnos, 227.8 hr which makes easier the maturing of vineyard. The annual rainfall is relatively low (474 mm/gr) but the existence of weak rainfalls during the summer in conjunction with the high humidity provide to the plant the necessary water to grow. The average annual temperature is one of the lowest of Greek islands while the high average during the months July and August is 29 and 28.2 C which doesn’t cause extreme condition of heat wave. The absence of big incline on the ground and its absorption creates the best conditions for having available humidity during the summer months. It is also very important the composition of the soil, volcanic and depth for the main part which allow the infiltration of the whole system in a big depth, so the stump will have autonomy in its water needs. The cultivation of grapes starts from the sea level and it reaches until 300 about meter. The ground is for the main part volcanic, a little sour and drained even in the places where there is no big inclines, deep with (metallic parts) and potassium. Specifically, potassium contribute to the better maturing of the grapes and to the increase of sugar content with the result the production of sweet wine of good quality. However, the imperfect draining ground is avoided from the wine-grower for the avoidance of mycetologic diseases, although it is more usual to use for water cultivation. It is preferred poorer land where it is not used for cultivation of corn or other plants which traditionally cultivated in the island with characteristics which allow the good airing of leafage. The above are considered special climatic factors which play a crucial role in the final product.

DETAILS OF PRODUCT
The combination of these weather conditions with the variety of the ground area, the cultivated variety of grapes, the applicable cultivated cares of the vine and the wine making techniques contribute to the good characteristics of wine of POP Limnos.

CAUSE INTERACTION
The factors which contribute to the uniqueness of the product as it is expressed in its characteristics, is the technique of viniculture as it exists in the passage of time, the specific climate of the island and the composition of the soil. It is worth to say about the adaptation of the cultivated techniques in the climate conditions of the island as it is referred above.